A History of Modern Indonesia Since C. 1300 by M. C. Ricklefs

By M. C. Ricklefs

This e-book is a accomplished introductory textual content at the heritage of Indonesia because the arrival of Islam ca.1300 to the current day. a necessary narrative of political background is supplied including info of social, cultural and financial affairs. Emphasis is given to the background of the Indonesian humans themselves opposed to the history of the formation of the Indonesian state via an amalgamation of numerous yet comparable ethnic groups. the entire interval because the coming of Islam is surveyed with specific consciousness to significant impacts similar to: the unfold of Islam; cultural traditions; Dutch colonisation; Islamic revivalism; anti-colonialism and independence. This e-book will help the intense examine of the previous and current of a nation that is the main populous of Southeast Asia and of the Islamic international, an enormous oil manufacturer and but one of many poorest international locations in the world. during this, the second one variation, Professor Ricklefs comprises extra historiography and proper evidence because the book's first e-book in 1981, bringing his background of Indonesia thoroughly up to date.

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But here VOC hostility was encountered, and fierce Anglo-Dutch competition for access to the spices began. The VOC was attempting to force monopoly agreements upon the rulers of the spice-producing islands, and bitterly resented what it saw as English 'smuggling' in Maluku. In the period 1611-17 the English were also setting up trading posts elsewhere in Indonesia, at Sukadana (southwest Kalimantan), Makasar, Jayakerta and Jepara (in Java), and Aceh, Pariaman and Jambi (in Sumatra). Anglo-Dutch conflict grew in intensity as the Dutch saw their goal of monopoly slipping through their fingers.

With allies from the sea-people (orang laut), the wandering protoMalay privateers of the Straits, he proceeded to establish Malacca as a major international port by compelling passing ships to call there, and establishing fair and reliable facilities for warehousing and trade. Malacca was probably the purest example of an Indonesian entrepot state, for it had no significant products of its own; indeed, it had to import food to feed its populace. It quickly became an enormously successful port, for it had a stranglehold on the Straits, one of the most crucial stages of the international trade system which reached from China and Maluku in the east to East Africa and the Mediterranean in the west.

It was, however, often handicapped by internal dissension. Between 1571 and 1607 there were eight Sultans of Aceh, two of them, 1579-89, not of Acehnese descent but from the kidnapped royal house ofPerak in the Malay Peninsula. One of these rulers had a reign of fifteen years (Alauddin Riayat Syah al-Mukamil, 1589-1604), but several ruled for only a few months or years. This was a period of assassinations, coups and failed military adventures. In Aceh as in any 34 A HISTORY OF MODERN INDONESIA SINCE c.

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