By Grant Evans
This complete and brilliant historical past of Laos is a perfect creation for travelers, company tourists, and scholars. Informative and transportable, it chronicles the historical past of Laos from precedent days, whilst the dynastic states of the area waxed and waned, to the turmoil of the Vietnam battle and independence from France. This advisor investigates those key occasions below a brand new gentle and provides critical demanding situations to the normal perspectives approximately Laos's exciting heritage.
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Additional resources for A Short History of Laos: The Land in Between (Short History of Asia series, A)
In Luang Phrabang the outcome of Chao Anou’s revolt had meant closer control by the Siamese of their tributary states. The action that led to the capture of Chao Anou in muang Phuan by the Siamese army was launched from Luang Phrabang, where Siamese soldiers would be stationed until the coming of the French. A major concern of Siam at this time was the Kingdom of Hue’s encroachments on the Khmer kingdom and on the Lao principalities. Anou’s flight to Hue had underlined the latter’s role in the affairs of its neighbour.
They assigned to everyone units of sakdi na, literally ‘field power’, a typically agrarian-state way of symbolising power. For example, slaves were ranked at 5 units, freemen 25, petty officials from 50 to 400, and above that began the nobility. While this system weakened the power of the locally based nobility, factionalism continued to be an important dynamic in the mandala’s politics. The stability of Surinyavongsa’s reign was a result of a finely balanced division of power between Phaya Saen Muang, a powerful noble in the north, and Phaya Chan, who was responsible for the southern parts of the kingdom.
Upland non-Buddhists were kha to all Buddhists. Kha might occasionally be given a particular name, such as the Kha-kassak surrounding Luang Phrabang, but these were kha who were encompassed by a muang and tied to it by ritual relations, among others. Those beyond the muang were khon pa, ‘wild forest dwellers’, beyond the pale 21 Laos—PAGES 12/4/02 2:10 PM Page 22 A Short History of Laos of civilisation. Tribal Tai, being non-Buddhist, were on the margin, and no doubt an important motivation for conversion to Buddhism among these Tai was to escape categorisation as kha.