The A-Z Guide to Modern Social and Political Theorists by Professor Stuart Sim, Noel Parker

By Professor Stuart Sim, Noel Parker

The A-Z consultant to fashionable Social and Political Theories is a better half quantity to the already released A-Z advisor to fashionable Literary and Cultural Theorists. It levels greatly throughout the social sciences and similar parts to spot thinkers who've had an incredible effect at the improvement of contemporary social and political conception and given transparent, obtainable summaries in their paintings. whereas the accessory is at the later 20th century, a number of up-and-coming theorists are incorporated to make sure a modern aspect to the amount, vintage names within the box from the sooner 20th century are usually not overlooked, and the gathering additionally delves again into the 19th century for such founding figures of the social sciences as Marx and Comte. the amount is consequently either updated and conscious of the resources of contemporary debates.

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The movement of 'from above' and 'from below' is inevitably an antagonistic process, although the contours of this antagonism may not follow institutional demarcations: it can be displaced into the state apparatus itself. Certainly the movement of history constantly defies theory, yet the term 'popular power' conceals the real antagonisms and difficulties. A rebellion does not cease to be a rebellion just because it is channelled towards the state. The drive towards selfdetermination remains alive, although it is likely to be increasingly suppressed to the degree that the state structures become consolidated.

For a start, we are probably not very good at violence. Violence is not part of the society that we want to create and we are unlikely to be able to match capitalist forces in violence. s Dignity is our ground and violence is the negation of dignity, wherever it comes from. Perhaps the key issue is not violence, but the setting of the agenda, seizing the initiative. The point of the crack is that it is a rupture: not just a response to capitalist aggression but the attempt to move beyond it, to create now a different set 54 55 '1'11 ' most obvio us force of social cohesion that confronts the ' 1":1 'ks i the state.

Above all, it can not be a question of purity. In a struggle in-againstand-beyond capitalism, there is no purity: what matters rather is the direction of the struggle, the movement against-and-beyond. Is the answer, then, to take control of the state and either neutralise it or use it to spread our cracks? Can we not convert the state itself into an anti-capitalist crack? Indeed, should we not focus our activity on organising to gain control of the state and turn it into an anti-capitalist crack?

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